"Ethnographers as knowledge workers are thus confronted with potentially conflicting demands. In their role as instrument they rely on their personal experience and subjective engagement with phenomena in the field to generate insights, whereas in their role as scientist they need to convince the scientific community of the trans-situational (Preston 1986) and reliable nature of these very phenomena. This suggests that ethnographers need to find ways of balancing subjectivity and objectivity." [keep on reading...]
Dec 22, 2004
Dec 21, 2004
"A standart physical example of reliability and validity involves the use of thermometers to measure temperature. A thermometer that shows the same reading of 82 degrees each time it is plunged into boiling water gives a reliable measurement. A second thermometer might give readings over a series of measurements that vary from around 100 degrees. The second thermometer would be unreliable but relatively valid, whereas the first would be invalid but perfectly reliable" (p.19)
What we are dealing in social sciences in not an utopic laboratory experience were we can control the variables we want to account for, regardless of the context they inhabit. Because of that, the amount of variables that we are dealing with, in real life contexts, can not be desagregated for a laboratory test. They have to be observed in their context by «us», the observers. At the same time we have to acknowledge that we influence what we are observing and that we only observe what our mental grids allows us to see.
That's why it is so important to begin by designing the case we are studying. The case study protocol becames more than an instrument, it guides the researcher during all the work to be conducted, how it is going to be carried, what is going to be observed and how, norms and procedures during research, so that reliability becames higher (Robert Yin, 1994, Case Study Research: design and Methods). On pp. 63-74 you will find guidance for the design:
- overview of the case study project
- field procedures
- case study questions
- guide for the case study report
To have a research notebook (or blog) helps remind us of possible bias one might have regarding: what's being observed, under what conditions, other things we didn't previously considered, something that went wrong that originated new prepositions, and so on... The «ah ah» factor that´s been moving science forward and the process of discovery.
Dec 20, 2004
"The University of Minho in Portugal has adopted a policy mandating that its faculty deposit their research (with a few exceptions), and that grad students deposit their theses and dissertations, in the university's open-access repository. The university has also decided to sign the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge. The new policy was adopted on December 6, 2004, and will take effect on January 1, 2005. For more details, see the university press release (in Portuguese or in English)." [via Peter, Open Access News]
Nov 27, 2004
A maior parte do recursos existentes, para a comunidade ligada à investigação, continuam a não aparecer nos resultados que são devolvidos pelas pesquisas do Google Scholar, conforme o apanhado feito por Shirl Kennedy and Gary Price, from ResourceShelf, comment on Google Schoolar: Big News: "Google Scholar" is Born:
"Is all of this yet another nail in the coffin for library resources and maybe librarians? Too early to tell, of course. Kudos to Google for doing so but the library community could (should?) have done something similar years ago. Why didn't we?"
Temos hoje a possibilidade de nos organizarmos em rede, independentemente do espaço geográfico emque nos encontramos, e diversas são as iniciativas que podem dar visibilidade às bibliotecas quando os esforços são congregados. O repositóriUM, em Portugal, e a OCLC, a nível global, são excelentes exemplos do que pode ser feito com os contributos de cada um.
Os blogs são uma excelente ferramenta para nos colocarmos a par do que está a ser feito em diversas áreas do nosso interesse e de encontrarmos novas formas de contribuir (v.g. Blogs for Libraries), como por exemplo o Blog de George, Alice e Alana, que trabalham na OCLC, Online Computer Library Center (v.g. The Big Bang - Google Scholar, a propósito do que pode representar para o Google Scholar os contributos dos catálogos cooperativos de bibliotecas).
Das pesquisas que realizei, não encontrei nenhuma biblioteca em Portugal que faça parte desta organização. O que resulta na não indexação dos materiais existentes em todas as nossas bibliotecas em Portugal, as tais que mais facilmente poderemos consultar para aceder aos conteúdos (mesmo os que fazem parte das assinaturas que cada uma destas instituições paga e às quais podemos ter acesso, muitas vezes, electronicamente - v.g. recursos online na Biblioteca do INETI).
De certeza que deixei de fora muitas iniciativas e muitas pessoas que estão envolvidas em projectos nesta área. Fica o espaço nos comentários para rectificarem ou acrescentarem o que sabem ;-)
"Sooner or later many of us are guided by set of theories, frameworks and paradigms in our research work, some of them tacit and some explicit. They direct our research within the appropriate and relevant scholarly community, thus increasing the chances for scholarly collaboration and communication with like-minded folks.
However, the same theories, paradigms and frameworks also limit our imagination and innovative thinking, they create the box within which we think and operate. Thus, they can have potentially negative effect by filtering away problems and issues that merit scholarly scrutiny but are not scrutinized because our mode of thinking does not allow them to reach us."
Nov 18, 2004
Para quem pretender que a tese seja indexada...
Nov 11, 2004
Creative Commons Search: "(...) this search helps you find photos, music, text, and other works whose authors want you to re-use it for some uses -- without having to pay or ask permission."
Muitos artigos editados em revistas de acesso livre são apanhados por este pesquisador. Por exemplo, os artigos da Information Research.
Para quem pretender licenciar o seu weblog com uma licença da CreativeCommons, está tudo explicado aqui.
Nov 10, 2004
: "(...) the normal unwritten rules of privacy and reserve are suspended - we are granted temporary `remission' from our conventional social inhibitions, and friendly conversation with strangers is regarded as entirely appropriate and normal behaviour." [from antropologi.info - Social and Cultural Anthropology in the News]... in the study they refer to pubs in UK, in the begining of the sentence that i have deliberatly omited, so you could see my point ;-)
Nov 8, 2004
Gi Woong Yun & Craig W. Trumbo (2000).Comparative Response to a Survey Executed by Post, E-mail, & Web Form. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, vol.6 (1):
"Recent developments in communication technologies have created alternative survey methods through e-mail and Web sites. Both methods use electronic text communication, require fewer resources, and provide faster responses than traditional paper and pencil methods. However, new survey methodologies also generate problems involving sampling, response consistency and participant motivation. Empirical studies need to be done to address these issues as researchers implement electronic survey methods."
Oct 15, 2004
Oct 1, 2004
"The mind can proceed only so far upon what it knows and can prove. There comes a point where the mind takes a higher plane of knowledge, but can never prove how it got there. All great discoveries have involved such a leap." - Albert Einstein[...and then we have to make it explicit so others can understand how we got there, so they can use it and/or refute it and/or test it and/or use it to build up more about the subject.]
Sep 29, 2004
"Moreover, when the environment is perceived to be difficult to analyze, there is a tendency to use people sources more heavily in order to help reduce the higher levels of equivocality."
Sep 24, 2004
blogsperiment: Reflective Practice/Theory: "Blogging is linked, cumulative, open-ended research. It is grounded in our empirical experience of writing and reading, linking and surfing, thinking and responding. It is action research, grounded theory."
Aug 24, 2004
Jul 19, 2004
Jul 15, 2004
Jul 14, 2004
Jul 2, 2004
Making research careers more attractive: concrete steps leading to brain-gain results: "The most important aspects keeping EU-born researchers abroad are work quality, broader scope in position and access to leading technologies, while commitment to R&D funding, the reputation of the host organisation/employer, the presence of other research institutions and salary/job benefits also play a key role. (...) Networking and informal contacts as sources of key information may have greater ability to draw foreign researchers than previously thought. (...) A new Mobility Web Portal with over 3000 active links on job opportunities, assistance on administrative and legal issues when moving abroad etc. is just one of many new steps being taken to help market the European Research Area as a challenging and rewarding place to work. The first European Network of Mobility Centers, launched in Paris 30th June, 2004, will initially include 200 centres located in 33 countries."
Jul 1, 2004
Amazon.com: Books: The Value Profit Chain : Treat Employees Like Customers and Customers Like Employees: "The NovaRede model has been rolled out internationally by BCP to include the Novabank in Greece and the Millennium chain of banks in Poland."
Jun 30, 2004
Jun 26, 2004
Peter Scott's Library Blog: "BASE is a project at Bielefeld University Library, offering an integrated search in heterogeneous scientific resources worldwide"Artigo que descreve com mais detalhe o projecto: Search Engine Technology and Digital Libraries: Libraries Need to Discover the Academic Internet [Norbert Lossau, Bielefeld University, Germany]
May 27, 2004
May 9, 2004
- Mas qual é a ponte que sustém a Tese? - pergunta «B».
- A tese não é sustida por esta ou por aquela ponte - responde «A», - mas sim pelas relações que elas formam.
«B» permanece silencioso, reflectindo. Depois acrescenta: - Porque me falas de pontes? São só as relações que me importam.
«A» responde: - Sem pontes não há relações.
(proposta de AntColony, adaptado de Italo Calvino, "As Cidades Invisíveis", 1990.)
Apr 25, 2004
Apr 19, 2004
"While surprisingly little has been written about context at a meaningful level, context is central to most theoretical approaches to information seeking. In this essay I explore in more detail three senses of context. First, I look at context as equivalent to the situation in which a process is immersed. Second, I discuss contingency approaches that detail active ingredients of the situation that have specific, predictable effects. Third, I examine major frameworks for meaning systems. Then, I discuss how a deeper appreciation of context can enhance our understanding of the process of information seeking by examining two vastly different contexts in which it occurs: organizational and cancer-related, an exemplar of everyday life information seeking. This essay concludes with a discussion of the value that can be added to information seeking research and theory as a result of a deeper appreciation of context, particularly in terms of our current multi-contextual environment and individuals taking an active role in contextualizing."
Tags: contexto; context; research; paper; information seeking
Apr 17, 2004
[para ler] Doctoral candidates: Lidwien van de Wijngaert, Ph.D. thesis, Telematica Instituut, 1999, ISBN 90-393-1760-7, Telematica Instituut Fundamental Research Series, No. 004 (TI/FRS/004)
"Van de Wijngaert argues that the need (for information) is the determining factor in the choice of media by the user. In her doctoral thesis, she presents a method that creates a direct relationship between the need for information and the use of new media."
Jan 14, 2004
"Languaging is a social process in which we jointly construct realities for each of us to see, occupy and to talk into. Evidently, languaging can open our 'eyes' to alternative ways of seeing and create new ways of being-with Others."
Jan 9, 2004
"[15-Feb-2002] One of the key principles of the European Union is the creation of 'an area without internal frontiers in which free movement of goods, persons, services and capital is ensured'. EU leaders have stressed the importance they attach to realising this goal. In practice, the EU's progress has been mixed, and the relatively low level of international labour mobility within the EU is significant for business, individuals and policy makers. Against this background, PricewaterhouseCoopers has undertaken an in-depth study of European labour mobility entitled Managing mobility matters - A European perspective."
Eight key types of mobile worker from the business perspective:
- ‘Traditional’ expatriate: employee moves to live and work in a foreign location, traditionally long-term (3-5yrs) but increasingly short-term (up to 1yr)
- ‘Permanent’ transfer employee takes up a permanent contract of employment on local terms and conditions
- International hire recruited to work on local terms and conditions from another country
- Local hire foreign-born individuals already working outside their ‘home country’ who are
- Cross-border commuter commutes to work in another country while place of residence remains unchanged
- Rotational assignee commutes from home country for a few months without changing home
- Virtual assignee assumes responsibility spanning several countries without relocating (supported by
local teams, business travel and ICT)
- Teleworking works from any location supported by ICT
As cinco barreiras encontradas neste trabalho quanto à mobilidade, segundo a empresa:
1 Lack of integrated employment legislation
2 Differing tax systems
3 Need to provide spouse employment
4 Language skills
5 Differing benefit systems
As cinco barreiras encontradas neste trabalho quanto à mobilidade, segundo os indivíduos:
1 Family e.g. child education
2 Language skills
3 Information on employment opportunities
4 Recognition of qualifications
5 Spouse employment