Oct 28, 2003

Directory of open access journals

Directory of open access journals: "Directory of Open Access Journals. This service covers free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals. We aim to cover all subjects and languages." Na altura em que consultei tinha 551 revistas (Journals) num direct�rio organizado em 15 grandes categorias. Mais um grande recurso em tempos de crise (acho que me estou a tornar adepta do Open Source extensivo).

Information as Thing - Michael Buckland (1991)

Information as thing by Michael Buckland,
School of Information Management and Systems,
University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-4600

Three meanings of "information" are distinguished: "Information-as-process"; "information-as-knowledge"; and "information-as-thing", the attributive use of "information" to denote things regarded as informative. The nature and characteristics of "information-as-thing" are discussed, using an indirect approach ("What things are informative?"). Varieties of "information-as-thing" include data, text, documents, objects, and events. On this view "information" includes but extends beyond communication. Whatever information storage and retrieval systems store and retrieve is necessarily "information-as-thing".
These three meanings of "information", along with "information processing", offer a basis for classifying disparate information-related activities (e.g. rhetoric, bibliographic retrieval, statistical analysis) and, thereby, suggest a topography for "information science".

About the Author: Michael Buckland

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Oct 15, 2003

The development of the information management research area

Macevičiūtė, Elena e Wilson, Tom (2002). The development of the information management research area in Information Research, 7 (3): 

"The consequences of the emergence of Information Management for research were significant: the economics of information, which, until then, had been a relatively insignificant part of economics, attained a new importance. Previously, economics had factored information out of its equations - in the market, everyone was assumed to have perfect information about that market. That is manifestly untrue, and a new field - asymmetric information - was introduced into economics.

Secondly, the information content of information systems became important: previously, data bases were just that - they consisted largely of the numbers management needs to control an organisation, such as production figures in a manufacturing organisation. The recognition that most information produced in an organisation is text rather than numbers led to work on building systems that could handle text, and a greater interest in the information systems community of the role of information retrieval.

Thirdly, it was recognised that effective systems need to be built according to the needs of the information user, rather than the convenience of the information producer, if the information is to be presented in the most appropriate way and organised in the most accessible fashion.

Finally information policy and information strategy became key terms and the need to have such policies and strategies, at national, local and organisational level was recognised.

Four decades have passed since the emergence of information management as a research field. (...) The aim of our article is to reveal the change of the information management research area during this past decade (from 1989 to 2000).

The article consists of the background overview of the discussions about information management and information management research contents, description of the method of research article analysis, presentation and discussion of the results, and conclusion."